Transactional SQL database, an enhanced drop-in replacement for MySQL.
MariaDB is a drop-in replacement of MySQL, forked by the community from the latter. To learn more about MariaDB, visit upstream feature page, and to see main differences from MySQL, see compatibility documentation.
MariaDB is preferred MySQL implementation in Fedora. MariaDB can be usually used instead of MySQL as a drop-in replacement in most practical cases and most of the applications will work exactly the same. However, when you need to install Community MySQL, it is available as community-mysql package in Fedora repositories.
Generally, most of the documentation for MySQL is valid also for MariaDB.
Fedora usually ships only the most recent stable version of MariaDB.
You can find various (unsupported) versions in the maintainer’s COPR repositories.
Learn more about current version at upstream documentation. The package is called
mariadb (client tools) and
mariadb-server (server daemon).
Fedora also ships MariaDB with Galera patch. The package with MariaDB Galera is called
mariadb-galera-server and the wsrep plug-in is available in package
galera. See section How to install MariaDB Galera on Fedora for more information.
In order to install MariaDB client package, run:
$ sudo dnf install mariadb
In order to install MariaDB server package, run:
$ sudo dnf install mariadb-server
If you need to connect to the MariaDB server using GUI, install either phpMyAdmin:
$ sudo dnf install phpMyAdmin
Or install Libre Office Base with JDBC plug-in for MariaDB:
$ sudo dnf install libreoffice-base mariadb-java-client
For connecting to the MariaDB server using ODBC, install
$ sudo dnf install mariadb-connector-odbc
MariaDB runs on port 3306 by default and creates a local unix socket at
/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock. By default, data is stored in the
/var/lib/mysql directory and logs are located under
/var/log/mariadb/. In order to change these directories, pay attention to use correct SELinux context and owner.
Right after installing, the data directory is empty. It is initialized during the first start.
To start MariaDB server, run:
$ sudo systemctl start mariadb
In order to setup MariaDB to start after system reboot, run:
$ sudo systemctl enable mariadb
The root user has no password set by default and so it is allowed to connect without the password:
mysql -u root
It is suggested to make the MariaDB more secure by running secure installation assistant:
$ sudo mysql_secure_installation
This tool asks you several questions and you are supposed to answer interactively. Do not provide the system administrator’s password for your Linux system here. Use a different strong password, since this is a separate authentication for a MySQL user called “root.”
Configuration of both, client and server, is done by editing files
~/.my.cnf and any files under
.cnf suffix. For more informations how to change configuration, see the upstream documentation.
When developing an application that uses MariaDB as the storage engine, developers typically use one user account that has full access to one dedicated database scheme. In order to do so, run the commands from section Basic tutorial for MariaDB in Fedora and then create the user and the dedicated database:
$ sudo systemctl start mariadb $ sudo systemctl enable mariadb $ sudo mysql_secure_installation ...My Account sudo mysql -u root -p MariaDB [(none)]> create database db1; Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec) MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE USER 'valeria'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'secretpass'; Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec) MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL ON db1.* TO 'valeria'@'localhost'; Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec) MariaDB [(none)]> exit Bye
After that you may access the database from MariaDB command-line tool by running:
$ mysql -u valeria -p
-p without password, you’ll be asked for the password interactively.
In various frameworks or libraries, you will usually use the username, password and database to access the database.
In order to run MariaDB in production development, you should pay extra attention to setting up the service in order to minimize the risk of being exploited. Among other things, this means:
mysql_secure_installationas mentioned above
By default, MariaDB cannot be accessed from another computer. In order to allow access from another computer, we need to do the following things.
Allow to accept connections on port 3306:
firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-port=3306/tcp
Allow to listen on all interfaces (or your preferred network interface) by adding configuration option:
bind-address = 0.0.0.0
In order to change configuration parameters for the MariaDB server, create the a configuration file under
The following example shows content of the file
/etc/my.cnf.d/myconfig.cnf which contains several commonly changed options (use any variables that matches your needs).
# The maximum permitted number of simultaneous client connections: max_connections = 20 # The minimum length of the word to be included in a FULLTEXT index: ft_min_word_len = 3 # The maximum length of the word to be included in a FULLTEXT index: ft_max_word_len = My Account # In case the native AIO is broken, it can be disabled by: innodb_use_native_aio = 0 # Log slow queries: slow_query_log = 1 slow_query_log_file = "/var/log/mariadb/slowquery.log" # Log all queries (e.g. for debugging): general_log = 1 general_log_file = "/var/log/mariadb/query.log"
After changing the configuration, restart the daemon using
$ sudo systemctl restart mariadb.
MariaDB Galera Cluster is a synchronous multi-master cluster for MariaDB.
In order to install MariaDB Galera server package, run:
$ sudo dnf install mariadb-galera-server galera
MariaDB Galera uses several packages from base MariaDB and also provides the same service name. Thus, for starting MariaDB Galera, run:
$ sudo systemctl start mariadb
$ sudo docker pull fedora/mariadb
MariaDB Connect Storage Engine enables MariaDB to access external local or remote data (MED). In order to install this engine, run:
$ dnf install mariadb-connect-engine
In order to install The Open Query GRAPH computation engine, run:
$ dnf install mariadb-oqgraph-engine
In Fedora, MariaDB server is available also as a dynamic library, that can be handy in some applications. This library (
libmysqld.so) is available in the package
mariadb-embedded and header files for building an application against this library are available in the package
However the use of the embedded library is discouraged. MySQL 8 dropped the embedded library and I expect MariaDB to go in the same direction.