C

A general-purpose, imperative computer programming language.

CMake

CMake is a multi-platform software designed for automated compilation on various operating systems. It uses a C or C++ compiler and make to build your project. CMake uses a configuration file named CMakeLists.txt, which is a file containing cmake commands. With these commands you can specify directories, libraries, header files, output binary files and many more features that are part of your project and are important for succesfully building your project.

To familiarize yourself with basic features of CMake you should try the online tutorial on cmake website:

CMake basic tutorial

To discover the full application of various features that CMake has to offer use the online documentation:

CMake latest documantation

CMake installation

To install CMake all you need to do is:

# sudo dnf install cmake

CMake usage

The beauty of CMake is that after you create a simple CMakeLists.txt file you only need to use this command:

# cmake /path/to/CMakeLists.txt

This command should be used in a directory where you want to have the Makefile for your project. It will create all necessary Makefiles and configuration files needed to compile your project. It is considered good practice to build outside of the source tree (i.e. do not execute the above command from within your source code directory). This will help to keep your source code free from any build artifacts and it also makes it easier to clean up if things go wrong.

Than after using the command make your project is built and ready for use. This cmake command above is only a basic example. There are of course many more options that can be used with cmake. These can be found in the manual page:

# man cmake