Python

General-purpose, high-level programming language supporting multiple programming paradigms.

PyGObject (PyGI)

PyGObject, also known as PyGI, is a Python extension module that gives clean and consistent access to the entire GNOME software platform through the use of GObject Introspection.

PyGObject provides full support of GObject Introspection and all of its features (callbacks, GVariant support, closures, sub-classing, etc.).

To install PyGObject on Fedora, run:

$ sudo dnf install pygobject3 python3-gobject

Getting started

Writing your first Gtk+ application

import gi
gi.require_version('Gtk', '3.0')
from gi.repository import Gtk

In the beginning, we have to import the Gtk module to be able to access GTK+’s classes and functions. Since a user’s system can have multiple versions of GTK+ installed at the same, we want to make sure that we when we import Gtk that it referrs to GTK+ 3 and not any other version of the library, which is the purpose of statement gi.require_version(‘Gtk’, ‘3.0’).

win = Gtk.Window()

The line above creates an empty window.

win.connect("delete-event", Gtk.main_quit)

After creating the window, we connect its delete event to ensure that the application is terminated if we click on the x button to close the window.

win.set_title("Hello World")

In the line above we set the window title to be a string of our choice, in this case: “Hello World”.

win.show_all()

The show_all method called above displays the window and the widgets contained on it.

Gtk.main()

Finally, we start the GTK+ processing loop which we quit when the window is closed.

To run the program, open a terminal, change to the directory of the file, and enter:

$ python hello.py

The complete program can be seen below:

import gi
gi.require_version('Gtk', '3.0')
from gi.repository import Gtk

win = Gtk.Window()
win.connect("delete-event", Gtk.main_quit)
win.set_title("Hello World")
win.show_all()

Gtk.main()

What next?